Subgingival microbiota in health compared to periodontitis and the influence of smoking.

Camelo-Castillo AJ, Mira A, Pico A, Nibali L, Henderson B, Donos N, Tomás I Front Microbiol. 2015. doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2015.00119 The etiology of periodontitis has traditionally been associated to a consortium of three bacterial species-the so-called...

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Peri-implant and periodontal microbiome diversity in aggressive periodontitis patients: a pilot study.

Sousa V, Nibali L, Spratt D, Dopico J, Mardas N, Petrie A, Donos N Clin Oral Implants Res. May 2017. doi: 10.1111/clr.12834 To investigate the bacterial microbiome in periodontal and peri-implant biofilms deriving from aggressive periodontitis patients...

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Dysbiosis a risk factor for celiac disease.

Girbovan A, Sur G, Samasca G, Lupan I Med Microbiol Immunol. Apr 2017. doi: 10.1007/s00430-017-0496-z Celiac disease remains one of the most challenging pathologies of the small intestine. It involves multiple pathogenic pathways and there are no...

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Intestinal Microbiota and Weight-Gain in Preterm Neonates.

Arboleya S, Martinez-Camblor P, Solís G, Suárez M, Fernández N, de Los Reyes-Gavilán CG, Gueimonde M Front Microbiol. 2017. doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2017.00183 The involvement of the gut microbiota on weight-gain and its relationship with childhood undernutrition...

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Microbiota Diurnal Rhythmicity Programs Host Transcriptome Oscillations.

Thaiss CA, Levy M, Korem T, Dohnalová L, Shapiro H, Jaitin DA, David E, Winter DR, Gury-BenAri M, Tatirovsky E, Tuganbaev T, Federici S, Zmora N, Zeevi D, Dori-Bachash M, Pevsner-Fischer M, Kartvelishvily E, Brandis A, Harmelin A, Shibolet O, Halpern...

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Application of 16S rRNA metagenomics to analyze bacterial communities at a respiratory care centre in Taiwan.

Tang CY, Yiu SM, Kuo HY, Tan TS, Liao KH, Liu CC, Hon WK, Liou ML

Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. Mar 2015. doi: 10.1007/s00253-014-6176-7

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Prevotella as a Hub for Vaginal Microbiota under the Influence of Host Genetics and Their Association with Obesity.

Si J, You HJ, Yu J, Sung J, Ko G Cell Host Microbe. Jan 2017 While the vaginal ecosystem is maintained through mutualistic relationships between the host and the vaginal bacteria, the effect of host genetics on the vaginal microbiota has not been...

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Human milk microbiota profiles in relation to birthing method, gestation and infant gender.

Urbaniak C, Angelini M, Gloor GB, Reid G Microbiome. Jan 2016. doi: 10.1186/s40168-015-0145-y Human milk is an important source of bacteria for the developing infant and has been shown to influence the bacterial composition of the neonate, which...

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Influence of diet on the gut microbiome and implications for human health.

Singh RK, Chang HW, Yan D, Lee KM, Ucmak D, Wong K, Abrouk M, Farahnik B, Nakamura M, Zhu TH, Bhutani T, Liao W J Transl Med. Apr 2017. doi: 10.1186/s12967-017-1175-y Recent studies have suggested that the intestinal microbiome plays an important...

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The microbiome of professional athletes differs from that of more sedentary subjects in composition and particularly at the functional metabolic level.

Barton W, Penney NC, Cronin O, Garcia-Perez I, Molloy MG, Holmes E, Shanahan F, Cotter PD, O'Sullivan O Gut. Mar 2017 It is evident that the gut microbiota and factors that influence its composition and activity effect human metabolic, immunological...

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Anticancer effects of the microbiome and its products.

Zitvogel L, Daillère R, Roberti MP, Routy B, Kroemer G Nat Rev Microbiol. May 2017. doi: 10.1038/nrmicro.2017.44 The human gut microbiome modulates many host processes, including metabolism, inflammation, and immune and cellular responses. It is...

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Heritable components of the human fecal microbiome are associated with visceral fat.

Beaumont M, Goodrich JK, Jackson MA, Yet I, Davenport ER, Vieira-Silva S, Debelius J, Pallister T, Mangino M, Raes J, Knight R, Clark AG, Ley RE, Spector TD, Bell JT Genome Biol. Sep 2016 Variation in the human fecal microbiota has previously been...

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A secreted bacterial peptidoglycan hydrolase enhances tolerance to enteric pathogens.

Rangan KJ, Pedicord VA, Wang YC, Kim B, Lu Y, Shaham S, Mucida D, Hang HC Science. 09 2016 The intestinal microbiome modulates host susceptibility to enteric pathogens, but the specific protective factors and mechanisms of individual bacterial species...

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A subpopulation of high IL-21-producing CD4(+) T cells in Peyer's Patches is induced by the microbiota and regulates germinal centers.

Jones L, Ho WQ, Ying S, Ramakrishna L, Srinivasan KG, Yurieva M, Ng WP, Subramaniam S, Hamadee NH, Joseph S, Dolpady J, Atarashi K, Honda K, Zolezzi F, Poidinger M, Lafaille JJ, Curotto de Lafaille MA Sci Rep. Aug 2016. doi: 10.1038/srep30784 The...

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Childhood undernutrition, the gut microbiota, and microbiota-directed therapeutics.

Blanton LV, Barratt MJ, Charbonneau MR, Ahmed T, Gordon JI Science. Jun 2016. doi: 10.1126/science.aad9359 Childhood undernutrition is a major global health challenge. Although current therapeutic approaches have reduced mortality in individuals...

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The intestinal microbiota composition and weight development in children: the koala birth cohort study

Scheepers LE1, Penders J2, Mbakwa CA1, Thijs C1, Mommers M1, Arts IC3.

Int J Obes (Lond). 2015 Jan;39(1):16-25. doi: 10.1038/ijo.2014.178. Epub 2014 Oct 9.

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Microbes Central to Human Reproduction

Reid G1, Brigidi P, Burton JP, Contractor N, Duncan S, Fargier E, Hill C, Lebeer S, Martín R, McBain AJ, Mor G, O'Neill C,Rodríguez JM, Swann J, van Hemert S, Ansell J. Am J...

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The intestinal microbiome in early life: health and disease

Arrieta MC1, Stiemsma LT2, Amenyogbe N2, Brown EM1, Finlay B3.

Front Immunol. 2014 Sep 5;5:427. doi: 10.3389/fimmu.2014.00427. eCollection 2014.

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Chemopreventive Metabolites Are Correlated with a Change in Intestinal Microbiota Measured in A-T Mice and Decreased Carcinogenesis.

Cheema AK, Maier I, Dowdy T, Wang Y, Singh R, Ruegger PM, Borneman J, Fornace AJ, Schiestl RH PLoS One. 2016. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0151190 Intestinal microbiota play a significant role in nutrient metabolism, modulation of the immune system,...

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A pilot study using metagenomic sequencing of the sputum microbiome suggests potential bacterial biomarkers for lung cancer.

Cameron SJS, Lewis KE, Huws SA, Hegarty MJ, Lewis PD, Pachebat JA, Mur LAJ PLoS One. 2017. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0177062 Lung cancer (LC) is the most prevalent cancer worldwide, and responsible for over 1.3 million deaths each year. Currently,...

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Association between body mass index and Firmicutes/Bacteroidetes ratio in an adult Ukrainian population.

Koliada A, Syzenko G, Moseiko V, Budovska L, Puchkov K, Perederiy V, Gavalko Y, Dorofeyev A, Romanenko M, Tkach S, Sineok L, Lushchak O, Vaiserman A BMC Microbiol. May 2017. doi: 10.1186/s12866-017-1027-1 Metagenomic studies confirm that obesity...

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Changes in blood microbiota profiles associated with liver fibrosis in obese patients: A pilot analysis.

Lelouvier B, Servant F, Païssé S, Brunet AC, Benyahya S, Serino M, Valle C, Ortiz MR, Puig J, Courtney M, Federici M, Fernández-Real JM, Burcelin R, Amar J Hepatology. Dec 2016. doi: 10.1002/hep.28829 The early detection of liver fibrosis among...

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Gut Microbiota, the Immune System, and Diet Influence the Neonatal Gut-Brain-Axis.

Sherman MP1, Zaghouani H2, Niklas V3.

Pediatr Res. 2015 Jan;77(1-2):127-35. doi: 10.1038/pr.2014.161. Epub 2014 Oct 10.

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The neuropharmacology of butyrate: The bread and butter of the microbiota-gut-brain axis?

Stilling RM, van de Wouw M, Clarke G, Stanton C, Dinan TG, Cryan JF Neurochem Int. Oct 2016. doi: 10.1016/j.neuint.2016.06.011S0197-0186(16)30174-7 Several lines of evidence suggest that brain function and behaviour are influenced by microbial metabolites....

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Butyrate, neuroepigenetics and the gut microbiome: Can a high fiber diet improve brain health?

Bourassa MW, Alim I, Bultman SJ, Ratan RR Neurosci Lett. Jun 2016. doi: 10.1016/j.neulet.2016.02.009S0304-3940(16)30077-5 As interest in the gut microbiome has grown in recent years, attention has turned to the impact of our diet on our brain. The...

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A practical guide to the oral microbiome and its relation to health and disease.

Krishnan K, Chen T, Paster BJ Oral Dis. Apr 2017. doi: 10.1111/odi.12509 The oral microbiome is incredibly complex with the average adult harboring about 50-100 billion bacteria in the oral cavity, which represent about 200 predominant bacterial...

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Viable bacteria associated with red blood cells and plasma in freshly drawn blood donations.

Damgaard C, Magnussen K, Enevold C, Nilsson M, Tolker-Nielsen T, Holmstrup P, Nielsen CH PLoS One. 2015. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0120826 Infection remains a leading cause of post-transfusion mortality and morbidity. Bacterial contamination is,...

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The personal human oral microbiome obscures the effects of treatment on periodontal disease.

Schwarzberg K, Le R, Bharti B, Lindsay S, Casaburi G, Salvatore F, Saber MH, Alonaizan F, Slots J, Gottlieb RA, Caporaso JG, Kelley ST PLoS One. 2014. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0086708 Periodontitis is a progressive disease of the periodontium with...

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Involvement of tissue bacteria in the onset of diabetes in humans: evidence for a concept.

Amar J, Serino M, Lange C, Chabo C, Iacovoni J, Mondot S, Lepage P, Klopp C, Mariette J, Bouchez O, Perez L, Courtney M, Marre M, Klopp P, Lantieri O, Doré J, Charles M, Balkau B, Burcelin R Diabetologia. Dec 2011. doi: 10.1007/s00125-011-2329-8 Evidence...

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Microbiome and Anticancer Immunosurveillance.

Zitvogel L, Ayyoub M, Routy B, Kroemer G Cell. Apr 2016. doi: 10.1016/j.cell.2016.03.001S0092-8674(16)30256-2 Anticancer immune responses can be considered a desirable form of autoimmunity that may be profoundly shaped by the microbiome. Here, we...

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Metformin alters the gut microbiome of individuals with treatment-naive type 2 diabetes, contributing to the therapeutic effects of the drug.

Wu H, Esteve E, Tremaroli V, Khan MT, Caesar R, Mannerås-Holm L, Ståhlman M, Olsson LM, Serino M, Planas-Fèlix M, Xifra G, Mercader JM, Torrents D, Burcelin R, Ricart W, Perkins R, Fernàndez-Real JM, Bäckhed F Nat Med. May 2017. doi: 10.1038/nm.4345 Metformin...

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Diabetes Management by Probiotics: Current Knowledge and Future Pespective.

Homayouni-Rad A, Soroush AR, Khalili L, Norouzi-Panahi L, Kasaie Z, Ejtahed HS Int J Vitam Nutr Res. Apr 2017. doi: 10.1024/0300-9831/a000273 Diabetes mellitus, a multifactorial disorder, is related to the intestinal microbiota via numerous molecular...

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Anticancer effects of the microbiome and its products.

Zitvogel L, Daillère R, Roberti MP, Routy B, Kroemer G Nat Rev Microbiol. May 2017. doi: 10.1038/nrmicro.2017.44 The human gut microbiome modulates many host processes, including metabolism, inflammation, and immune and cellular responses. It is...

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Resistant starch as a novel dietary strategy to maintain kidney health in diabetes mellitus.

Koh GY, Rowling MJ Nutr Rev. May 2017. doi: 10.1093/nutrit/nux006 The worldwide prevalence of diabetes mellitus is expected to reach 439 million by 2030. Diabetes increases the risk for developing secondary complications such as nephropathy and...

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Contrasting circulating microbiome in cardiovascular disease patients and healthy individuals.

Rajendhran J, Shankar M, Dinakaran V, Rathinavel A, Gunasekaran P

Int J Cardiol. Oct 2013. doi: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2013.07.232S0167-5273(13)01457-5

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A tale of two risks: smoking, diabetes and the subgingival microbiome.

Ganesan SM, Joshi V, Fellows M, Dabdoub SM, Nagaraja HN, O'Donnell B, Deshpande NR, Kumar PS ISME J. May 2017. doi: 10.1038/ismej.2017.73 Although smoking and diabetes have been established as the only two risk factors for periodontitis, their...

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