The upper respiratory tract microbiome and its potential role in bovine respiratory disease and otitis media.

Lima SF, Teixeira AG, Higgins CH, Lima FS, Bicalho RC Sci Rep. Jul 2016. doi: 10.1038/srep29050 The upper respiratory tract (URT) hosts a complex microbial community of commensal microorganisms and potential pathogens. Analyzing the composition...

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Microbiota Therapy for Clostridium difficile and Antibiotic Resistant Enteric Infections.

Lewis BB, Pamer EG Annu Rev Microbiol. Jun 2017. doi: 10.1146/annurev-micro-090816-093549 Bacterial pathogens are increasingly antibiotic resistant, and development of clinically effective antibiotics is lagging. Curing infections increasingly requires...

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Gut microbiota and hepatitis-B-virus-induced chronic liver disease: implications for faecal microbiota transplantation therapy.

Kang Y, Cai Y J Hosp Infect. Apr 2017 Hepatitis B is one of the most common infectious diseases globally. It has been estimated that there are 350 million chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) carriers worldwide. The liver is connected to the small intestine...

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The Possible Role of Helicobacter pylori Infection in Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease.

Cheng DD, He C, Ai HH, Huang Y, Lu NH Front Microbiol. 2017. doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2017.00743 Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) which colonizes the stomach can cause a wide array of gastric disorders, including chronic gastritis, peptic ulcer, and gastric...

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Gut microbiota: Neonatal gut microbiota induces lung immunity against pneumonia.

Tamburini S, Clemente JC

Nat Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol. May 2017. doi: 10.1038/nrgastro.2017.34

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Effects of Lactobacillus rhamnosus and Lactobacillus acidophilus on bacterial vaginal pathogens.

Bertuccini L, Russo R, Iosi F, Superti F Int J Immunopathol Pharmacol. Jun 2017. doi: 10.1177/0394632017697987 The human vagina is colonized by a variety of microbes. Lactobacilli are the most common, mainly in healthy women; however, the microbiota...

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Gut microbiota changes and chronic hepatitis C virus infection.

Preveden T, Scarpellini E, Milić N, Luzza F, Abenavoli L Expert Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol. Jun 2017. doi: 10.1080/17474124.2017.1343663 Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a global health problem with 150 million infected people worldwide. Liver...

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Microbiota and Probiotics in Health and HIV Infection.

D'Angelo C, Reale M, Costantini E Nutrients. Jun 2017 Microbiota play a key role in various body functions, as well as in physiological, metabolic, and immunological processes, through different mechanisms such as the regulation of the development...

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Commensal microbes provide first line defense against Listeria monocytogenes infection.

Becattini S, Littmann ER, Carter RA, Kim SG, Morjaria SM, Ling L, Gyaltshen Y, Fontana E, Taur Y, Leiner IM, Pamer EG J Exp Med. Jun 2017 Listeria monocytogenes is a foodborne pathogen that causes septicemia, meningitis and chorioamnionitis and...

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Helicobacter pylori infection is associated with an altered gastric microbiota in children.

Brawner KM, Kumar R, Serrano CA, Ptacek T, Lefkowitz E, Morrow CD, Zhi D, Kyanam-Kabir-Baig KR, Smythies LE, Harris PR, Smith PD Mucosal Immunol. Jan 2017. doi: 10.1038/mi.2016.131 The intestinal microbiome in early life influences development of...

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Gut microbiota-mediated protection against diarrheal infections.

Vogt SL, Finlay BB J Travel Med. Apr 2017. doi: 10.1093/jtm/taw086 The mammalian gut microbiota is a highly abundant and diverse microbial community that resides in the gastrointestinal tract. One major benefit that the gut microbiota provides to...

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Salmonella in Swine: Microbiota Interactions.

Kim HB, Isaacson RE Annu Rev Anim Biosci. Feb 2017. doi: 10.1146/annurev-animal-022516-022834 For the important foodborne pathogen Salmonella enterica to cause disease or persist in pigs, it has evolved an intricate set of interactions between itself,...

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Distinct roles for dietary lipids and Porphyromonas gingivalis infection on atherosclerosis progression and the gut microbiota.

Kramer CD, Simas AM, He X, Ingalls RR, Weinberg EO, Genco CA Anaerobe. Jun 2017 Mounting evidence in humans supports an etiological role for the microbiota in inflammatory atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis is a progressive disease characterized by...

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Distinct Effects of the Cervicovaginal Microbiota and Herpes Simplex Type 2 Infection on Female Genital Tract Immunology.

Shannon B, Gajer P, Yi TJ, Ma B, Humphrys MS, Thomas-Pavanel J, Chieza L, Janakiram P, Saunders M, Tharao W, Huibner S, Shahabi K, Ravel J, Kaul R J Infect Dis. May 2017. doi: 10.1093/infdis/jix088 Genital inflammation is a key determinant of human...

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